further resources

On this page further resources for teaching and learning science with its history and philosophy have been collected from different countries.

Italy
1.
Institute and Museum of the history of science, Florence
Court Scientists
Florence 2001
Language: italian/english
An interactive tour of the Accademia del Cimento (1657-1667), the first scientific society established in Europe, through texts, images, interactive simulations of scientific experiments, games, and digital versions of original documents. In the resources section you'll find related documents to download and related web resources
http://brunelleschi.imss.fi.it/cimento/index.html
Illustrations
Worksheets
interactive multimedia application
Experiments
2.
Institute and Museum of the history of science, Florence
The instruments of science
Language: italian/english
Some of the most representative instruments held in the Museum are described in this series of applications. Videos, 3D reconstructions, interactive sections and original documents tell their history and explain how they work.
http://www.imss.fi.it/espo/eatt_online.html
Illustrations
Worksheets
interactive multimedia tools
Experiments
3.
Robert H. March
Fisica per poeti
Dedalo 1994
ISBN 9788822001962
400 p.
Language: italian
lo scienziato come uomo e artista: storia della fisica da Galileo ai giorni nostri /This classic text retains the flavour of earlier editions but includes updated discussions of chaos, relativity, quantum theory and cosmology. The text appeals to a wide range of
students because of the authors entertaining writing style and use of descriptive examples instead of equations which make the presentation easier to follow
Original texts in English
Illustrations
book
Experiments
4.
AA VV
Progetto fisica
Zanichelli 1986
ISBN 978-8808-02092-5 / 978-8808-02094-9
492 +484 p.
Language: italian
Original texts in English
Illustrations
book
Adequate for secondary school
Italian edition of the "Project Physics Course"
5.
AA VV
Lampi di genio
Editoriale Scienza
Language: ítalian
Series of autobiographies (Darwin, Einstein, Mendel, Archimedes, Hippocrates, Galileo, Leonardo, Lavoisier, Volta), written with a colloquial style, as if it was a personal journal. The stories are integrated with drawings, sketches, which help for a better understanding, "play down" the different situations (life is hard also for scientists!). In the end a short dictionary offers a set of concepts to be gladly memorized..
Original texts in Italian
Illustrations
Books
6.
Institute and Museum of the history of science, Florence
The mind of Leonardo. The universal genius at work
2006
Language: Italian/English
The exhibition offers its visitors a different point of view, inviting them to explore the genius' very mode of thinking and his unitary conception of knowledge as the effort to assimilate, through bold theoretical syntheses and inventive experiments, the laws that govern all the wondrous operations of man and nature.
http://brunelleschi.imss.fi.it/menteleonardo/index.html
Illustrations
exhibition
Experimetns
7.
Institute and Museum of the history of science, Florence / European Pencil Project
Galileo and the experimental science
2005/2008
Language: Italian
“Galileo and the Experimental Science”, designed within the EU Pencil project, was aimed at secondary school students of physics. It was an experimental educational project centred on the experimental research carried out by Galileo into the properties of natural motion. The activity, devoted to the students of the superior and middle school levels, was oriented on stimulating an enhanced understanding of the content of science as well as how the scientist works through the problems nature poses.
Illustrations
Seminars for teachers and experimental sections for students
Experiments
Adequate for secondary school
8.
OpenLab - Physical department, University of Florence
The inclinated plane
2008
Language: Italian
Reconstruction of the Galieo Galiei's experiment with the inclined plane
didactic activity
Experiments
Adequate for secondary school
9.
Il giardino di Archimede. Un museo per la matematica
Piccola storia del calcolo infinetesimale
Language: Italian
Travelling exhibition for schools
http://php.math.unifi.it/archimede/archimede/mini_calcolo/primapagina.php
Illustrations
Worksheets
didactic activity
Experiments
Adequate for school
10.
University of Pavia, physical department
Albert Einstein. Chief engineer of the Universe
2005
Starting from the great themes of physics - the concept of space and time, finite and infinity, full and empty - the exhibition passes through the views of the XVII and XVIII Century concerning mechanics, electromagnetism and thermodynamics. It points out the problems at the boundaries of these disciplines, the same problems that led Einstein to produce its famous results in 1905. From here the two main branches of Einstein's research starts: the relativity and the quantum physics, both of them accompanied by the continuous tension of the scientist to elaborate a unified field theory. These themes intertwine with the complex life of Einstein, during which among the scientific and social aspects, moments strictly connected with the life of our country emerge. The exhibition extends on 1200 m2. Hundreds of historical instruments are displayed along with documents belonging to Einstein and several interactive exhibit that allows visitors to repeat some fundamental experiments. Film clips introduce visitors to this "memorable" journey through space and time.
http://einstein-pavia.mpiwg-berlin.mpg.de/intro?lang=en
Illustrations
Worksheets
exhibition
11.
National Museum of Science and Technology, Milan
Cimeli
Language: Italian
http://www.museoscienza.org/cimeli/default.asp
Illustrations
Worksheets
web site
Adequate for school
12.
National Museum of Science and Technology, Milan
Progetto scuola - Ferrovia
Language: Italian
The project offers a visit of the section "Railway Transports". Visitors, accompanied by stokers and engine driver, may discover the history of steam-engines and how they influenced the scientific, technological and social development.
Illustrations
didactic activity
Addressed to teachers and students from seven to thirteen years old
Germany
1.
Deutsche Physikalische Gesellschaft (DPG), editor
CD-ROM: Zurück zu den Wurzeln. Geschichte im Physikunterricht (Back to the roots. History in physics lessons)
2004
600 MB
Language: German
The CD contains lectures of historians, science educators, and teachers on the history of electricity, astronomy, optics, energy, mechanics a.o., illustrations, teaching material, and bibliographies. It was compiled on the occasion of a teacher training seminar arranged by the German Physical Society.
Original texts (by Huygens, Newton, Einstein, Faraday, Goethe a.o.), in German
Illustrations
Worksheets: yes
Teaching methods: few, not detailed
Homework: no
Experiments: descriptions
Implementation: only individual
No formal evaluation
Deficiencies: not widely disseminated
Adequate for teacher training, upper secondary school
Translation: no
2.
Teichmann, Jürgen
Moment mal, Herr Galilei. Eine Reise durch die Geschichte der Wissenschaft
GNT-Verlag, Stuttgart 1992 (3. Auflage)
264 S.
ISBN 3-928186-07-8
Language: German
Galilei’s experiments on falling bodies, The telescope, Electricity, Voltaic batteries, Solar spectrum, X rays, Crystals, Atomic energy; a glossary for every chapter. Suitable for self-learning, not for the use at school
No original texts, narrative approach
Many original illustrations
No Worksheets
Teaching method: self learning
Instructions for self experimenting
No implementation
No formal evaluation
Deficiencies: no
10-16 years
worth translating
3.
Teichmann, Jürgen; W. Schreier; M. Segre
Experimente die Geschichte machten
BSV, München 1995
221 p.
ISBN 3-7627-3798-3
Language: German
Historical overview over mechanics, heat, electricity/magnetism, optics, atomic physics/solid state physics, astronomy
A few, short original texts (in German)
Many original illustrations
No Worksheets
No teaching methods
No homework or problems
Detailed descriptions of experiments
No implementation
No formal evaluation
Deficiencies: no didactic elaboration
12-18 years
4.
Hentschel, Klaus
Das Märchen vom Zauberer im weißen Kittel
Physik in unserer Zeit 34 (2003), Nr.5, S. 225-231
7 p.
Language: German
Popper’s misinterpretation of the relation between de Broglie’s prediction and Davisson’s and Germer’s measurements, The myth of the ‘experimentum crucis’, Unknown and forgotten helpers, Anecdotes and history
Illustrations, diagrams, explicit NOS material
No Worksheets
No teaching methods
No homework or problems
Rough descriptions of experiments
No implementation
No evaluation
Deficiencies: no didactic elaboration
Teachers, 16-18 years
Worth translating
5.
Habben, Dieter; Mehrle, Uwe
Vom Bernstein zur Volta-Säule. Geschichte der Elektrizität im Unterricht
Soznat, Marburg 1994
126 p.
ISBN 3-922850-66-9
Language: German
Historio-genetic approach in science teaching, Static electricity in German Curricula, Attraction, Gilbert, Guericke, Ball of sulphur, Leyden jars, Franklin and Symmer, Electrical fluids, Galvani, Volta, Role play
Original texts in German
Illustrations
Worksheets: yes
Teaching methods: some
Homework: no
Experiments and Construction manual for replica of historical instruments
No implementation
No evaluation
Deficiencies: no
10-15 years
Worth translating
6.
Teichmann, Jürgen; E. Ball; J. Wagmüller
Einfache physikalische Versuche aus Geschichte und Gegenwart
Deutsches Museum, München 1999 (7. Auflage)
32 p.
Language: German
Historical experiments: Electroscope, Leyden jar, Lichtenberg figures, Volta pile, Differential galvanometer, Ampere’s discovery of induction, Swimming magnets, Mechanical ether models, Prism experiments according to Goethe, Modern experiments: Lissajous figures, Electronic tube, electric circuit, Model of a semiconductor diode and others
No original texts
Illustrations
Worksheets
Teaching method: very conservative
No homework
Experiments: very detailed instructions
No implementation
No evaluation
Deficiencies: almost no space for self learning
10-16 years
7.
Lind, Gunter
Die Brechung des Lichts. Theorien zur Erklärung des Phänomens.
Franzbecker, Hildesheim 1983
138 p. and 134 p.
ISBN 3-88120-063-0
Language: German
Two volumes: Texts and commentaries, detailed description of the competing models and theories
Original texts in German
Illustrations
Worksheets
Teaching methods: some
Experiments
No implementation
No evaluation
16-18 years
8.
Weinmann, Karl Friedrich
Die Natur des Lichts. Einbeziehung eines physikgeschichtlichen Themas in den Physikunterricht
WBG, Darmstadt 1980
222 p.
ISBN 3-534-08261-3
Language: German
Original texts in German
Illustrations
Worksheets
Teaching methods: some, lesson plans
Description of experiments
No implementation
No evaluation
14-16 years
9.
Teichmann, Jürgen
Galilei und das Experiment
Praxis der Naturwissenschaften/Physik 56 (2007), Nr. 8, p. 5-11
Language: German
Example for Galileo’s method of operation
Original texts in German
Illustrations
No worksheets
Teaching methods: some
No homework
Descriptions of experiments
No implementation
No evaluation
Deficiencies: no
12-14 years
10.
Meya, Jörg; Sibum, Heinz Otto
Das fünfte Element. Wirkungen und Deutungen der Elektrizität
Rowohlt, Reinbek bei Hamburg 1987
278 p.
ISBN: 3-499-17726-9
Language: German
Fluid theories of electricity, Natural philosophy and electricity, Quantification of electric phenomena, Mechanization of living forces, ‘Romantic’ physics – the unity of natural forces, Ampere and Oersted, Faraday’s dynamic idea of nature, ‘German’ electrodynamics: action at a distance, The ether theory of the electromagnetic field, Ether machine or electric particles? Classical electrodynamics
Original texts: a few, in German
Many illustrations
No worksheets
No teaching methods
No homework
Detailed descriptions of experiments
No implementation
No evaluation
Deficiencies: no didactic elaboration
Upper secondary school, university level, teacher training
Worth translating
Hungary
According to our partner in Budapest there are no appropriate teaching materials for schools related to HPS in Hungary so far.
Netherlands
1.
Op de Schouders van Reuzen de mechanica van Isaac Newton M. van Haandel, G. Heckman Epsilon-Uitgaven, deel 62. ISBN 978-90-5041-107-3, € 14,00. In dit boek wordt Newtons gravitatieleer behandeld op een manier die op twee punten afwijkt van de gebruikelijke uitleg in hedendaagse tekstboeken. Enerzijds krijgt de historische ontwikkeling van het vakgebied veel aandacht. Anderzijds is de behandeling Euclidisch meetkundig van aard, in tegenstelling tot de meer rekenkundige aanpak in de moderne teksten.
2.
Leonhard Euler Een man die kan tellen Andreas K. Heyne, Alice K. Heyne Epsilon-Uitgaven, deel 60. ISBN 978-90-5041-102-8, € 12,00. Dit stripverhaal vertelt het leven van het genie uit Bazel, dat 300 jaar geleden geboren, zou uitgroeien tot een van de productiefste wiskundigen uit de geschiedenis.
3.
Geschiedenis van de Wiskunde in de Twintigste Eeuw van verzamelingen tot complexiteit P. Odifreddi Epsilon-Uitgaven, deel 57. ISBN 978-90-5041-088-5, € 14,00. Dit deel is een interessante poging om de hele ontwikkeling van de wiskunde in de twintigste eeuw te overzien. De tekst bevat enorm veel informatie zowel over zuivere als over toegepaste wiskunde en kan zeker een uitgangspunt zijn voor veel discussie.
4.
L.E.J. Brouwer en de grondslagen van de wiskunde D. van Dalen Epsilon-Uitgaven, deel 51. ISBN 978-90-5041-093-9, € 21,00. De basis voor het intuïtionisme in de wiskunde werd gelegd in Brouwers eigenzinnige en nog steeds goed leesbare dissertatie. Deze uitgave bevat de oorspronkelijke tekst, Brouwers wijzigingen, annotaties en commentaren van tijdgenoten.
5.
Een nacht vol opwinding een keuze uit de filosofische essays H. Poincaré Epsilon-Uitgaven, deel 41. ISBN 978-90-5041-048-9, € 14,00. Gezond-verstand-overwegingen van een groot wiskundige met vragen als 'wat onderscheidt het wiskundig denken van ander denken', 'hoe kom je tot een wiskundige ontdekking' en over de rol van creativiteit en het onbewuste. Actuele opmerkingen over onderwijs en wiskunde-stijlverschillen.
6.
Van Rekeningh in Spelen van Geluck Christiaan Huygens Epsilon-Uitgaven, deel 40. ISBN 978-90-5041-047-2, € 9,00. Een van de eerste artikelen over kansrekening in de oorspronkelijke vorm en voorzien van moderne hertaling. De aantekening zijn mede bedoeld voor zelfstudie en behandeling van deze tekst in het onderwijs.
7.
Moderne Planimetrie J. van IJzeren Epsilon-Uitgaven, deel 39. ISBN 978-90-5041-046-5, € 13,00. De auteur gaat uit van Hilberts grondslagen van de moderne meetkunde. Dit vraagt om enige algebraïsche kennis, waarmee dan op enkele toevoegingen na, onderwerpen uit de vlakke meetkunde worden behandeld zoals stellingen van Ceva, Brocard, e.a.
8.
De Relativiteitstheorie in Nederland breekijzer voor democratisering in het interbellum H.A. Klomp Epsilon-Uitgaven, deel 38. ISBN 978-90-5041-045-8, € 24,00. Na een beschrijving van discussies bij de introductie van de relativiteitstheorie (Huizinga, Ehrenfest, de kerken) behandelt dit boek de maatschappelijke en culturele gevolgen van deze theorie en speciaal de ingrijpende onderwijshervormingen waarvoor Kohnstamm pleitte.
9.
Een complexe grootheid leven en werk van Johann Bernoulli 1667-1748 J.A. van Maanen Epsilon-Uitgaven, deel 34. ISBN 978-90-5041-040-3, € 21,00. Johann Bernoulli was een markante en tragische persoonlijkheid. Zowel aspecten van zijn leven als van zijn werk worden in dit boek behandeld.
10.
Verhandeling over het licht vertaling en origineel van de 'Traité de la lumière' van 1690. Christiaan Huygens Epsilon-Uitgaven, deel 18. ISBN 978-90-5041-022-9, € 22,00. Nederlandse vertaling van dit fundamentele werk uit 1690 over de voortplanting van het licht waarin de originele tekst met de tekeningen zijn opgenomen. Voorbeelden uit het dagelijks leven en meetkundige constructies wisselen elkaar af.
11.
Cosmotheoros de wereldbeschouwer Christiaan Huygens Epsilon-Uitgaven, deel 11. ISBN 978-90-5041-015-1, € 22,00. Populairste boek van Huygens, uit 1698; samenvatting van zijn denken over de bouw van de wereld, de natuurfilosofie en leven op andere planeten; in de 18e eeuw veelvuldig vertaald.
12.
Geschiedenis van de niet-Euclidische meetkunde I. van Gulik-Gulikers Zebra-reeks, deel 21. ISBN 978-90-5041-091-5, € 9,00. In deze Zebra maak je kennis met een ander soort meetkunde dan je bent gewend: de niet-Euclidische meetkunde. Aan de orde komt de geschiedenis van deze bijzondere meetkunde en de discussie die eraan vooraf is gegaan.
13.
Babylonische Wiskunde een verkenning aan de hand van kleitabletten M. Kindt, A. van der Roest Zebra-reeks, deel 20. ISBN 978-90-5041-090-8, € 9,00. In deze Zebra komen verschillende aspecten van de Babylonische wiskunde aan bod, zoals rekenen, algebra en meetkunde. Daarbij wordt vaak uitgegaan van originele teksten in spijkerschrift op kleitabletten. Een beroemd tablet dat aan de orde komt is Plimpton 322, waarop een serie raadselachtige getallen staat.
14.
Christiaan Huygens R. Vermij, H. van Dijk, C. Reus Zebra-reeks, deel 17. ISBN 978-90-5041-082-3, € 9,00. Christiaan Huygens (1626-1695) werd in het midden van de 17e eeuw beschouwd als Europa's grootste wiskundige en natuurwetenschapper. Deze tekst geeft inzicht in zijn leven en werk, de opdrachten zijn door zijn werk geïnspireerd.
15.
De Laatste Stelling van Fermat P. Lanser Zebra-reeks, deel 7. ISBN 978-90-5041-065-6, € 9,00. Over hoe een eeuwenoud probleem uiteindelijk toch nog opgelost werd.
16.
Pi de geschiedenis en de wiskunde van het getal π F. Beukers Zebra-reeks, deel 6. ISBN 978-90-5041-062-5, € 9,00. De geschiedenis en de wiskunde van het beroemde getal.
All texts in Dutch, adequate for upper secondary school and university level, contain original texts
No worksheets
Poland
1.
Max von Laue
Historia fizyki (History of Physics)
1957
Państwowe Wydawnictwo Naukowe
No ISBN, available from 1974
235 p.
Language: Polish
There is short summary of historical facts, concepts, phenomena, laws and principles from the field of physics as well as some information on their explorers. It contains: Introduction, Indexes and the following 14 chapters: Measurement of time; Mechanics; Gravitation and distance interaction; Optics; Electricity and magnetism; Reference frames; Foundations of heat theory; Conservation of enery principle; Thermodynamics; Atomism; Nuclear physics; Physics of crystal structure; Thermal radiation; Quantum physics.
German, Geschichte der Physik
8 illustrations
Worksheets: Not applicable
Lectures of History of Physics
Homework, problems: Not applicable
Descriptions of experiments
University lectures
Lectures of History of Physics by Max von Laue in Götingen
Deficiencies: Not enough comprehensive and up to date
Condensed materials for review
Translation: not recommended
Comment: Source
2.
Andrzej Kajetan Wróblewski
Historia Fizyki (History of Physics)
2007
Wydawnictwo Naukowe PWN
ISBN 978-83-01-14635-1
620 p.
Language: Polish
History of Physics. For many years awaited, comprehensive history of physics textbook, which filled a gap in this area not only in Polish literature, but also globally. It was derived from lectures given around 30 years by the professor. Andrzej K. Wroblewski of Warsaw University. The book discusses the main pathways of physics, ranging from ancient civilizations to the achievements of modern physics. Excellent presentation of the concept of scientific development in the field of physics is presented against the background of the history of science, with special emphasis on achievements in the fields next to physics: astronomy and chemistry. The manual is written in a very accessible and interesting manner. There is wealth of
illustrations - portraits of scholars, both natural images from different eras, patterns of valid historical experience, the title pages of the most important for the development of physics, and many others. Beautiful design and mysteries of history of physics will make many readers the pleasure and satisfaction from reading. The book intended for students of physics and related disciplines, university teachers of physics, astronomy, and historians, philosophers, students and school teachers of physics, as well as those interested in the history of physics and the history of science.
Original texsts in Polish
558 illlustrations
Worksheets: Not applicable
Lectures with illustrations based on evidence
Homework, problems: Not applicable
Descriptions of experiments
University lectures and school science lessons
Based on 30 years of University lectures
Deficiencies: Exemplary tasks for students
Comprehensive source material for implementation of history of science into university and school teaching.
Translation: Of course
Comment: Extensive description of science ideas development
3.
Andrzej Kajetan Wróblewski
Prawda i mity w fizyce (True and myths in physics)
Ossolineum 1982
ISBN 83-04-01031-3
201 p.
Language: Polish
Andrzej Wróblewski gives the following criteria, which "can be the criteria for distinguishing the pseudo-science works from others”: 1. Cockiness of the author, who believe that he only knows the truth, refers scornfully to all true scientists, accusing them conservatism or even ignorance. 2. The text of pseudo-science work is usually babble, consisting of introduction a new terminology known only to the author, or on the use of words, although well- known, but on the principle of accidental selection (eg. wrinkle time-space, inter-planetary gynaecology), which showed their misunderstanding of the author. 3. Ignorance, which is reflected in both the ignorance of well established facts, as well as unjustified a priori contradiction to all, that does not agree with the views of the author. 4. The complete lack of understanding of the spirit of science reflected in setting up an accusation, that science can not respond to all problems. Pseudo- scientist does not understand that science is growing because the needs of looking for answers to still new questions. 5. Pseudo-scientist also likes to relay on imaginated authorities (such as Professor George Adamski, whose relationship with investigation of the group was that he ran a cafe at the foot of Mount Palomar)."
Original texts in Polish
22 illustrations, 49 photos
Worksheets: Not applicable
Stories, narrative approach
Homework, problems: Not applicable
Short descriptions of experiments
Introduction to history of science
Cases from the literature
Deficiencies: There are described only exemplary cases
Intoducion to lectures and stories on physics education.
Translation: Of course
Comment: The stories can be motivating even for slow students
4.
Andrzej Drzewiński, Jacek Wojtkiewicz
Opowieści z historii fizyki (The stories from history of physics)
Wydawnictwo Naukowe PWN 1995
ISBN 83-01-11698-6
238 p.
Language: Polish
The book is not a systematic history of physics lecture, but a collection of stories about the various episodes in the knowledge of nature. It is for young readers, written in the lively style and contains concepts that are popular in school, or it goes slightly beyond it. The authors make use of episodes from the history of physics to explain many of the concepts and facts of physics. This is done in very neat and ingenious way. From the review of Prof. A.K. Wróblewskiego
Original texts in Polish
about 100 illustrations, not numbered
Worksheets: No
Stories, narrative approach
Homework, problems: No
Few experiments
To school curricula and beyond
Elements of the history of physics used for explanation facts and concepts
Deficiencies: Descriptions are general without real pictures
For explanation of difficult concepts during school lessons
Translation: Some parts
Comment: Interesting stories
5.
Peter Heering ed.
Welt erforschen, Welten konstruieren
Isensee-Verlag Oldenburg 1998
ISBN 3-8959898-519-8
124 p.
Language: German (catalogue)
During the period of 3 May to 21 June 1998 under the title "World - Worlds construct: Physical experimental culture of the 16th to the 19th century," a student and teacher of the working group Hochschuldidaktik History of Science from the University of Oldenburg designed and implemented exhibition at the National Museum of Natural History. This exhibition, which total about 6,000 visitors were seen, was divided into
five development sections in the physical experimental culture, which are described in the book: 1. The picture of the world (experimental practice of the 16th and 17th centuries, primarily in astronomy), by Jochen Hennig, Andreas Makus, Adelheid Voskuhl. 2. Electricity in the salon (Electrical Experiments of the mid-18th century). 3. Measurements and numbers (Experimental Practice in France around the time of the French Revolution), by Peter Heering and Claudia Roehrs. 4. Romantic Understanding of Nature (Experimental practice primarily in German-speaking countries at the beginning of the 19th century), by Karin Baumann and Bernd Wiedelah. 5. Measuring and understanding the world (scientific research cruises and the "industrialization" of scientific research practice in the second quarter of the 19th century), by Heike Felgner, Moses Kaern, Falk Mueller. Two of the key aspects in the exhibition was the presentation of scientific practice as a cultural activity, including such as temporary and local characteristics of the original equipment and replicas. The latter could in part also be used by the visitors themselves for experiments and allow therefore a further access to the historical experimental practice. Further information about the design of the exhibition as well as their implementation are set out in the article ‘Cultures of experimental practice - an approach in a museum’ to find in Science & Education.
Original texts in German
135 illustrations
Worksheets: Not applicable
Stories and description of valuable historical experiments
Homework: Not applicable
Comprehensive set of historical experiments
Exhibition, teacher training and lecture demonstrations for students
Created by experienced scientists and evaluated in many education situations
Deficiencies: Replicas not available all over the world
Together with multimedia materials suitable for effective education at all levels
Translation: Into English
Comment: Good example of historical experiments for practical use
6.
Józefina Turło ed.
Eksperymenty historyczne w nauczaniu fizyki (Historical experiments in physics teaching)
2001
Top Kurier
ISBN 83-86875-29-1
99 p.
Language: Polish
This valuable book was edited as the result of successful collaboration with the Research Group on Higher Education and History of Science at the University in Oldenburg, supervised by Professor Falk Riess with the Education of Physics Laboratory of Nicolaus Copernicus University in Toruń in the years 1997-2001 within the PHARE/TEMPUS JEP-12267 Project on: „Modernisation of two-subject teachers training”. I the approach of this Group to improve science teaching, the role of the historical experiments is strongly emphasised, as experimental methods are usually neglected by philosophers, historians and sociologists. Thus, they reconstructed and collected the biggest in Europe collection of historical instruments. Taking into account the opinion of Prof. Riess, that „due to the intensive course of the use of
historical elements in science teaching we can achieve better understanding of Science contents and the Nature of Science (NOS) itself” in that time we started to follow the enrichment of science education by exemplary implementation of historical experiments into the teachers’ training. The most of produced replicas in Toruń were based on the documentation provided by Oldenburg’s Group, made at our Institute Physics workshop and are used in physics teachers training. Thus, the Introduction to the book Historical Experiments in physics Education has been written by Józefina Turło, but the consecutive chapters are as follows: Origin of the modern picture of the Universe (by Andreas Makus), Electrical Experiments in XVIII century (by Peter Heering), Experimental Physics in Paris in the time of French Revolution (by Peter Heering), Romantic perception of nature (by Bernd Wiedelah), Measurements and understanding of the nature (by Falk Riess).
Original texts in Polish
53 illustrations
No worksheets
Stories and description of valuable historical experiments
No homework or problems
Selection of experiments from different sections of physics
Teacher training and school teaching
Created by experienced scientists and evaluated in many education situations
Deficiencies: Not available at Polish schools
Resource for workshops and museum exhibitions
Translation: Into English
Comment: Good example of historical experiments for practical use
7.
Tadeusz Przypkowski
O Mikołaju Koperniku (About Nicolaus Copernicus)
Państwowe Wydawnictwo Naukowe 1953
No ISBN, available from 1974
134 p.
Language: Polish
This book is the comprehensive and detailed description of whole life and activities of Nicolaus Copernicus. The Author concentrates mostly on the real facts related to his method of scientific work at that time. The book contains the following chapters: 1. Copernicus and his age; 2. The life of Copernicus in the country circumstances; 3. Former cosmological concept; 4. Method of Copernicus work and essence od his discovery; 5. Development of Copernicus idea; 6. Fight on Copernicus theory and its victory.
Original texts Polish
27 illustrations
No worksheets
Biography
No homework
Descriptions of experiments
Lectures, seminars, workshops for teachers and inquiry methods
The Author was bibliophile, lover of graphics and photographer, collector. One of the few in the world specialists involved in the calculations and designs of solar watches
Deficiencies: There are no detailed propositions of experiments for students
Resource materials for lecturers, teachers and students
Translation: Of course
Comment: Source
8.
Cecylia Iwaniszewska, Józefina Turło ed.
Nicolaus Copernicus “On the Revolutions”
NCU Press, Toruń 1991
ISBN 83-231-0275-9
88 p.
Language: English
Brilliant work of the eminent Polish astronomer born in 1473 in Torun. Heliocentric (in the contrary to geocentric) concept of the construction of the Solar System shocked the world after edition (in 1543) Copernicus’ “De revolutionibus orbium coelestium”. The new cosmological order of the solar system and the philosophical and physical foundations of the new theory are described in the first of the six books of “De revolutionibus”. But the selection of the text offered here contains only Book One (its first eleven chapters, without trigonometry). This issue, which is currently provided to the reader has been contemporized and footnotes are inserted, but at the same time the beauty and simplicity of argument, based primarily on logical reasoning were preserved. The Postscript following Copernicus own text hopes to account understanding of text by recalling the story of the book against the biography of the great astronomer and by short comments to several fragments of his discourse.
Original texts in Latin
4 illustrations
Worksheets: Not applicable
Original text of Nicolaus Copernicus Book One
Homework: Not applicable
Thought experiments
Introduction to revolutionary theory of the structure of the Universe
Written by great scientist of XVI century - Nicolaus Copernicus
Public understanding of science, university lectures, school lessons
Translation: Into German
Comment: Original text
9.
Francis C. Moon
The machines of Leonardo da Vinci and Franz Reuleaux
Springe r2007
ISBN 978-1-4020-5598-0
308 p.
Language: English
This book examines the evolution of machine design methodology from the Renaissance to the Age of Machines in the 19th century. This premise is based in part on thenbsp;work of da Vinci scholar Ladislo Reti who translated the last discovered work of Leonardo da Vinci in 1967. In the Codex Madrid, Reti found evidence that Leonardo planned to write a book on basic machine elements and compared the great artist-engineer's drawings to the work of 19th C. machine theorist Franz Reuleaux of Berlin. Reuleaux is credited with classifying the basic elements of machine design and also enumerating six basic classes of mechanisms to change
motion from one form to another. Moon's book carries Reti's thesis further and provides detailed analysis, comparing design concepts of engineers of the 15th century Renaissance and the 19th century age of machines from a workshop tradition to the rational scientific discipline used today. The design ideas of Leonardo and Reuleaux are placed in the historical, economic and social context of their times. There is also an appendix with a short description of the famous 'theatre of machines' books of the 15th to the 18th centuries. This book makes use of the unique collection of 230 kinematic models of Reuleaux at Cornell University. Detailed comparisons of 20 basic machine mechanisms such as the slider crank and four-bar linkages in both Leonardo's drawings and Reuleaux's models are made. These models illustrate the elegance and aesthetics of machine design in the 19th century pioneered by Franz Reuleaux. The book hopes to convince the reader that the development of a rational design methodology for machines that grew from the time of Leonardo to the early 20th century was as great a feat as the invention of the machines themselves.
Original texts in English
about 100 illustrations
Worksheets: Not applicable
Introduction to the history of mechanics - flying, theatre and defense machines
Homework: Not applicable
Historical Leonardo da Vinci experiments
Source material for education of kinematics and dynamics
Written by the most famous inventor from XV century
Deficiencies: Replicas of machines not available
Public understanding of science, university lectures, school lessons, encourage the young generation for making machines
Translation: Into Polish
Comment: Extensive description
10.
Michael Hoskin
Historia astronomii (History of Astronomy)
Warsaw University Press 2007
ISBN 978-83-235-0293-7
344 p.
Language: Polish
The history of astronomy, edited by Michael Hoskin from the University of Cambridge is an excellent outline of the history of the modern theory of the universe. It covers the period from pre-historic times with no written sources (megalithic astronomy) to after the second half of the twentieth century (including space). In addition to the main text, describing astronomy in different historical epochs, the book contains interesting additions: a sketch of the ancient Chinese astronomy, the description of the construction and operation of flat Arabic astrolabe, a telescope from the seventeenth century and the chronological tables, and - in modern time - the aspects of history of astronomy in Poland by Jaroslaw Wlodarczyk from the Institute of History of Science Academy of Sciences in Warsaw.
Original texts in English
about 60 illustrations
Worksheets: Not applicable
Introduction to the history of Astronomy from pre-historic times to the second half of the twentieth century
Homework: Not applicable
Descriptions of experiments
University lectures and education of Astronomy at different levels
The Author is an experienced scientist from the Cambridge University
Deficiencies: Not enough multimedia tools
Public understanding of science, university lectures, school lessons
Translation: There is a Polish version
Comment: Source material for teaching astronomy
11.
Jerzy Pilikowski
Filozofia w szkole
Wydawnictwo ZamKor 2007
ISBN 978-83-607-9320- 6
152 p.
Language: Polish
The book is accompanied by previously released version of item on: "The philosophy in the gymnasium," which according to information received from teachers was very often used in secondary schools. It contains a description complying with "The general education programme (curriculum), which requires an educational inter-subjects interdisciplinary path. Contents in the book is suitable for delivery of education of philosophy. This is an excellent guide for the teacher, but above all, the students of lower and higher secondary schools are recommended to use the book as a handbook to facilitate understanding of the philosophical themes. Author, Jerzy Pilikowski, is known for using a vivid and comprehensible language. The language “The philosophy in school” is understandable for readers.
Original texts in Polish
Some plots and tables
No worksheets
Stories suitable for lessons of philosophy at school
No homework
Theory, no experiments
Lectures for teachers and source material for students
The Author is experienced specialist in interdisciplinary knowledge, book was verified by school teachers
Deficiencies: Lack of scenario of lessons
Teaching elements of philosophy at secondary school
Translation: questionable
Comment: Source material for philosophy education
12.
Michał Heller, Tadeusz Pabian
Elementy filozofii przyrody (Philosophy of science elements)
Wydawnictwo BIBLOS 2007
ISBN 978-83-733247-0-1
234 p.
Language: Polish
The book is a manual of modern philosophy of nature. The authors do not assume, that readers have an advanced knowledge of physics, astronomy or biology. Most of
the material concerns matters related to physics and cosmology. One chapter is devoted to the philosophical topics related to biology. There are the main following chapters: 1. Concepts of science philosophy, 2. Time and space, 3. Structure of matter, 4. Elements of cosmology, 5. Life and its evolution. In this book, additionaly we can find Introduction, Subject index and Index of names. In each of the chapters have beed included several control questions, the topics for discussion and a written studies. That layout is to facilitate the work of students.
Original texts in Polish
7 illustrations, some plots and tables
Worksheets: Not applicable
University lectures and exercises
Repetitorium for students
Homework and problems: Lectures and exercises of philosophy at the University (with questions, questions for discussion and exercises)
The Authors and especially Prof. Michał Heller are the most known experts in this field in Poland
No deficiencies
High quality educational materials for increasing philosophical knowledge, especially for future teachers implementing philosophy at school level
Translation: Of course
Comment: Source material with exercises
13.
Józef Hurwic
Maria Skłodowska - Curie i promieniotwórczość (Maria Sklodowska - Curie and radioactivity)
Wydawnictwo Edukacyjne ŻAK 2001
ISBN 83-88287-58-3
136 p.
Language: Polish
The text material to this book was properly selected and described in a compact way. The book contains Introduction, Bibliography and seven chapters: Childhood and adolescence, School of life and introduction to scientific activity, Before the birth of contemporary physics, The great discoveries, Further studies of radioactivity, Scientific work of Maria Skłodowka-Curie in Poland, The significance and consequences of Maria Skłodowska-Curie discoveries. In this book we can find also: The most important dates from life and activity of Maria Skłodowska-Curie, Vocabulary of basic concepts related to radioactivity as well as Index of Names.
02-387 Warszawa, ul. Lirowa 27
Original texts in Polish
about 50 illustrations and some drawings
Worksheets: Not applicable
Educational stories
Homework: Not applicable
Descriptions of experiments
School lessons with elements of the life and scientific activities of Maria Sklodowska - Curie - Nobel Prize Winner in 1903 and 1911
The Author is physicist, chemist and popularizer as well as member of History of Science Committee at Polish Academy of Science
No deficiencies
High quality educational materials for public understanding of science and school lessons
Translation: Of course
Comment: Source
14.
Grzegorz Białkowski
Stare i nowe drogi fizyki (Old and new ways of physics)
Wiedza Powszechna 1980, 1982, 1985
ISBN 832-140-22-16
1011 p.
Language: Polish
The book consists of 3 parts: I. Origin of modern physics. II. Physics of XX century. III. Physics of our time. Author of this book hold the view that good popularisation of knowledge should not neglect elements of history. Description only contemporary research results can't show them in the relations to the past and also to the future and will not prepare readers to the fact, that cognition is a continuous process. This is the reason that G. Białkowski was looking for the origin of the described ideas and their historical development. Thus, in the book "Origin of modern physics" there are the historical motives together with methodical reflections. Another, interesting aim of book is presentation of integrating role of physics within the science disciplines. Obviously, physics has a great philosophical importance in our time. In sum Białkowski is trying to answer inter alia to the following problems: What about is physics? What is its methodology? What we can learn from history of physics? How did the origins of physics look like? Symmetry and laws of conservations, from atoms in philosophy to atoms in chemistry, gases, liquids and crystals, particles and radiation. A special world of Einstein and Physics and techniques. Part II of this book starts from the time when the structure of atoms has been investigated and classical physics was transformed into modern physics - quantum mechanics. It was the biggest change of human thought. We could then understand the chemical bonds, atom structure and electromagnetic radiation nature, atomic nucleus, structure of liquids and crystals, as well as conduction of electric current, etc. This part consist of the following chapters: Atom at changes of centuries, Quantum mechanics – quanta and photons, Electrons at orbits, Wave of matter, Uncertainty principle, Atom of Schrödinger, Dirac atom, Fermions and bosons, From hydrogen to proteins, Micro world and macro world, Inside nucleus. The third part includes selection of problems from the modern physics, with ware interesting for the author: Unusual properties of matter in low temperatures, Elementary particles, Stars at the Universe, From submicro world to mega world. To understand these phenomena we have to know general theory of relativity as well as an aspiration for creation of the theory of Great Unification. Original texts in Polish
Worksheets: Not applicable
Lectures and answers to contemporary questions
Homework, problems: Not applicable
Descriptions of experiments
University lectures and higher secondary school lessons
The Author was a brilliant theoretical physicist and very good educator of students
No deficiencies
Good source for university and school teachers
Translation: Recommended
Comment: Source
15.
Józefina Turło, Krzysztof Służewski Jacek Rybicki, Andrzej Karbowski
Przykłady wykorzystania eksperymentów historycznych w nauczaniu fizyki (Examples of the use of historical experiments in science education)
Fizyka w szkole, Wydawnictwo Szkolne i Pedagogiczne 2002
ISSN 1426-33-83
6 p.
Language: Polish
In this paper, inspired by the Research Group on Higher Education and History of Science at the University in Oldenburg, supervised by Professor Falk Riess, we are describing the possibility of introduction of history and philosophy of science elements into physics education in Poland. First of all, the reasons why this could be an alternative option for improving effectiveness of science teaching was explained and the role of historical experiments was strongly emphasised. Later, the replicas, which at the Physics Education Laboratory in Toruń we have to our disposal have been described together with the remarks related to their use at the practical situations at schools. As the examples we have chosen the following experiments: Galileo incline plane (for introduction of free fall law), Thermoscope of Rumford (for demonstration of heat emission), Witelo device (for checking the rectilinearity of light) and Goethe water prism ( for the answer to the question: how the colours are created?).In all of these cases we undertake the fact, that not only scientific and methodological knowledge should be taught, but also the historical background, together with uncertainity of getting its results is important.
Original texts in Polish
13 illustrations
2 worksheets
Hands-On experiments with the use of historical replicas
No homework or problems
Detailed descriptions of four experiments
Didactics of physics lectures and school lessons.
The Authors are specialists in the field of physics education
Deficiencies: Small number of examples
Educational materials for inquiry methods of teaching
Translation: Not necessary
Comment: Good example of historical experiments for practical use
16.
Józefina Turło, Grzegorz Karwasz, Krzysztof Służewski, Katarzyna Przegiętka
Intoduction of History and Philosophy of Science Elements for Curriculum Development (Wprowadzanie elementów historii i filozofii nauki dla rozwoju programu nauczania)
Siauliai University Publishing House 2009
ISBN 978-9986-38-978-1
7 p.
Language: English
Taking into account a progressive decline in pupil’s interest for science and technology education, especially physics education on different levels, from the secondary school to universities, in our paper as a kind of remedy, we put stress mostly upon pedagogy and the inquiry methods of pupils’ teaching and learning, which are based on the attempts to introduce History and Philosophy of Science (HPS) into the school science curricula. Actually, we are collaborating with EU Colleagues from Germany, Greece, Portugal, Italy, Hungary, Israel and UK within the 7th FP on: „History and Philosophy in Science Teaching”. There are three general objectives of HIPST Project: 1. To increase the inclusion of history and philosophy of science in science teaching for the benefit of scientific literacy. 2. To improve strategies for the development and implementation of domain-relevant materials, teaching and learning strategies into educational practice. 3. To strengthen the cooperation and establish a permanent infrastructure of sustainable networking of all involved stakeholders in the field of STL and public understanding of science (schools, museums, universities). First of all we wished to get more information on the state of art in the implementation of HPS in science teaching in Poland. Thus, we designed a special and comprehensive Questionnaire containing 18 tasks, which was sent to the Polish Association of Science Teacher members. The Questionnaire results are described in the paper. Furthermore, the methodology of work, the main products elaborated so far (as presentations, exhibitions, science lessons’ scenarios, experimental resources - including replicas of historical experiments, eg. Witelo, Copernicus, Newton, Goethe, historical microscopes and spectacles) as well as the valuable means of the results dissemination are presented.
English
6 pictures and 4 tables
Worksheets: Not applicable
Questionnaire studies and hands-on experiments
Homework, problems: Not applicable
Descriptions of experiments
Didactics of physics lectures and school lessons
The Authors are specialists in the field of physics education
Project not yet completed
Material for didactics of physics
Translation: Polish edition available
Comment: Good methodical material
Portugal
1.
Coelho, R.L.
On the Concept of Energy: How Understanding its History can Improve Physics Teaching
Science & Education, v18 n8 p961-983 Aug 2009
23 p.
english
Problem. Some physicists have pointed out that we do not know what energy is. Many studies have shown that the concept of energy is a problem for teaching. How to understand energy in compliance with its history is the question put forward. Corpus. In the historical part of the paper, the works from Mayer and Joule are dealt with. In a second part, the development of the concept between 1851 (William Thomson) and 1908 (Ostwald) is considered. In the last part, how to overcome difficulties pointed out by science teaching experts and philosophers of science is presented. Result. The study shows that the discoverers of energy did not find anything which is indestructible and transformable but rather that the concept of energy underwent a change of meaning and energy was considered a substance towards the end of the nineteenth century (Lodge, Poynting, Ostwald). In distinguishing between the treatment of phenomena and the theories carried out by Mayer and Joule, it can be concluded that they established equivalences between different domains, such as motion and heat, motion and electricity or position and motion. This complies with the interpretation of the relationship motion-heat presented in textbooks published about a century ago (Verdet, Poincaré, Preston, Müller and Pouillet) and enables us to overcome some difficulties with the concept of energy. Problem. Some physicists have pointed out that we do not know what energy is. Many studies have shown that the concept of energy is a problem for teaching. How to understand energy in compliance with its history is the question put forward. Corpus. In the historical part of the paper, the works from Mayer and Joule are dealt with. In a second part, the development of the concept between 1851 (William Thomson) and 1908 (Ostwald) is considered. In the last part, how to overcome difficulties pointed out by science teaching experts and philosophers of science is presented. Result. The study shows that the discoverers of energy did not find anything which is indestructible and transformable but rather that the concept of energy underwent a change of meaning and energy was considered a substance towards the end of the nineteenth century (Lodge, Poynting, Ostwald). In distinguishing between the treatment of phenomena and the theories carried out by Mayer and Joule, it can be concluded that they established equivalences between different domains, such as motion and heat, motion and electricity or position and motion. This complies with the interpretation of the relationship motion-heat presented in textbooks published about a century ago (Verdet, Poincaré, Preston, Müller and Pouillet) and enables us to overcome some difficulties with the concept of energy.
Original texts in German, English, French
Illustrations: images of Joule’s experiments
The implementation is relatively easy for the following reason. The difficulties concerning energy have their origins in the fact that we cannot observe what we say. The paper shows how to adjust interpretation and phenomena..
This paper is adequate for teacher training. It enables as well to improve historical references in textbooks. Some of them are historically wrong and misleading from the physical point of view.
2.
Coelho, R.L. et al.
2009
98 p.
Language: Portuguese
1. Texts for teachers concerning the law of inertia, concept of force and of energy with the following structure: a) Problems. What is being taught nowadays on the respective issue and what the problems are, is presented. b) Historical-Philosophical Account. Historical topics which are meaningful to understand the origin of the problem and its development are presented. c) Results. How the history of science can improve our understanding. 2. Some teachers prepared texts for students, to be read in the classroom as well as some historical experiments to be carried out by students. (Original texts of the experiments or translations were provided. Thus, these experiments are connected with the historical ones. They are obviously not replicas. The students are free to modify them.)
Teachers and students
Portuguese
Images of historical experiments and photos of the students’ experiments in the classroom, in school laboratories or in museums.
These are available.
Teachers are using the methods which they learned in their science teaching training. Especially new are the historical experiments.
Problem-solving strategies connected with the concepts referred to are in preparation.
Mayer’s experiment, 1842, vehement agitation of water and increasing of its temperature, is carried out in the classroom. An electrophorus is also used in connection with Mayer’s theory, 1845.
The implementation is very easy since the necessary elements are available.
There have been some evaluations.
There have not been sufficient physics classes for evaluation.
Some parts are worth translating
This is work in progress. Different contributions are included here. The plan is to develop problem-solving strategies and prepare a final text by the end of 2009.
Brazil
1.
FORATO, Thaís C. M.
The nature of science as a scholar knowledge: a case study from the history of light
A natureza da ciência como saber escolar: um estudo de caso a partir da história da luz
USP 2009
204 p. (vol 1) and 216 p. (vol 2)
Portuguese
The relevance of teaching about science, instead of teaching only the traditional and systematized scientific concepts, has been an important issue for educational researches over the last decades. In this new approach, the use of history of science is a promising pedagogical strategy to introduce the development of scientific knowledge in the context of education. However, when one tries to reconcile the demands of both didactic-pedagogical and historic-epistemological fields, many obstacles become evident. Accordingly, this thesis analyzes the challenges that are faced and the emerging solutions obtained from the combination of a theoretical framework and an empirical investigation. The methodological strategy that was employed confronts those challenges with the elaboration, application and analysis of a pilot course on the history of optics for secondary school students. Three historical episodes concerning the theory of light were chosen in order to challenge students’ naïve inductive-empiricist conceptions of the nature of science. We were able to identify a set of obstacles, to propose strategies to face them, to apply those strategies in real classroom situations and to analyze the data gathered from the recordings of the classes. As a result, we have developed viable solutions and realized that some of them still need to be improved. A qualitative research methodology guided our process of elaboration, application and data analysis of the teaching-learning sequence that was implemented. The results point out possibilities of generalization which can be regarded as initial parameters for future researches that focus on the use of history and philosophy of science in scientific education.
undergraduate students and graduated and High school teachers
Original texts in Portuguese
Illustrations: Yes
Worksheets: Yes
Teaching Methods: Yes
Homework: Yes
Experiments: Yes
Implementation: Yes
Evaluation: Yes
Deficiencies: Not available
High school courses on science or mathematics
Translation: Yes
Comment: This work presents nineteen different didactic activities and some of them are innovative like games, jigsaw puzzle, theatre and cultural festival. The students demonstrated substantial involvement in activities as well as the presented theme.
2.
ASSIS, André K. T.
Archimedes, the centre of gravity and the first law of mechanics.
Arquimedes, o centro de gravidade e a lei da alavanca
Roy Keys Inc 2008
ISBN 978-0-9732911-7-9
248 p.
Portuguese / English
Archimedes, the Center of Gravity, and the First Law of Mechanics deals with the most fundamental aspects of physics. The book describes the main events in the life of Archimedes and the content of his works. It goes on to discuss a large number of experiments relating to the equilibrium of suspended bodies under the influence of Earth’s gravitational force. All experiments are clearly described and performed with simple, inexpensive materials. These experiments lead to a clear conceptual definition of the center of gravity of material bodies and illustrate practical procedures for locating it precisely. The conditions of stable, neutral, and unstable equilibrium are analyzed. Many equilibrium toys and games are described and explained. Historical aspects of the concept are presented, together with the theoretical values of center of gravity obtained by Archimedes. The book also explains how to build and calibrate precise balances and levers. Several experiments are performed leading to a mathematical definition of the center of gravity and the first law of mechanics, also called the law of the lever. Consequences of this law and different explanations of it are described at the end of the book, together with an exhaustive analysis of the works of Euclid and Archimedes.
teacher training courses
Original texts: Yes (Portuguese)
Illustrations: Yes
Worksheets: No
Teaching Methods: Yes
Homework: Yes
Experiments: Yes
Implementation: No
Evaluation: No
Deficiencies: Not available
graduate and High school courses on science or mathematics.
Translation: It´s already available in English
Comment: Nice review available at: http://www.periodicos.ufsc.br/index.php/fisica/article/view/10506/10029
3.
VANNUCCHI, Andréa I.
History and philosophy of Science: from theory to the classroom
História e filosofia da ciência: da teoria para a sala de aula.
USP 1996
131 p.
Portuguese
The introduction of topics on history and philosophy of science in High school physics curriculum is discussed. Theoretical basis for design of activities is presented concerning both methodological aspects, with the analysis of research on the teaching of science as, also, historical and philosophical content. Within the episode of the improvement of the telescope in the 17th century, two activities were developed, having the discussion between science and technology and the influence
of theoretical references of scientists on data observation and interpretation themes. The activities were tried out in classroom and analysed through videotape records
undergraduate students and graduated and High school teachers
Original texts: Yes (Portuguese)
Illustrations: No
Worksheets: Yes
Teaching Methods: Yes
Homework: No
Experiments: No
Implementation: Yes
Evaluation: Yes
Deficiencies: Not available
High school courses on science or mathematics.
Translation: Yes
4.
SILVA, Cibelle C.
Studies on history and philosophy of science: subsidies for implementation in education
Estudos de história e filosofia das ciências: subsídios para aplicação no ensino
Livraria da Fìsica 2006
ISBN 8588325578
416 p.
Portuguese
This book is composed of several chapters, written by researchers in the field, on the history and philosophy of specific topics addressed or of interest to science education. The chapters discuss aspects of historical and philosophical issues related to science in general and with physics, chemistry and biology. As the authors are specialists in the field who write, prioritize issues like the nature of science and its method, the relationship between science and its social context, historical errors in textbooks, history of some subjects taught in school, demystification of great scientists, examples and reports of applications of history and philosophy of science in the classroom
undergraduate students and graduated and High school teachers
Original texts: Yes (Portuguese)
Illustrations: Yes
Worksheets: No
Teaching Methods: Yes, in some of the articles
Homework: No
Experiments: No
Implementation: No
Evaluation: No
Deficiencies: No comments about applications in classroom
graduate and High school courses on science, history and philosophy of science or mathematics.
Translation: Some of the articles
5.
KÖHNLEIN, J. F. K.; PEDUZZI, L. O. Q
A debate on the Nature of Science in High School Teaching: an example from the Special Theory of Relativity
Uma discussão sobre a natureza da Ciência no ensino médio: um exemplo com a teoria da Relatividade Restrita
2005
Caderno Brasileiro de Ensino de Física, v. 22, n. 1: p. 36-70, abr. 2005.
34 p.
Portuguese
Considering some of the difficulties that are sometimes found in the teaching praxis fulfill, which aim to discuss, in classroom, Science and its construction process, in this work we present the Didactic Modulus Components based on a historical and philosophical approach of the Special Theory of Relativity. Built according to Angotti and Delizoicovs three pedagogical moments (1992); initial problematization, knowledge organization and knowledge practice, this work was tested in a 4 th stage group of students from a State High School in Santa Catarina. The results show a deep favorable response from the Students in relation to the developed activities and they also show significant changes in certain current Science conceptions.
undergraduate students and graduated and High school teachers
Original texts: Yes (Portuguese)
Illustrations: No
Worksheets: Yes
Teaching Methods: Yes
Homework: No
Experiments: No
Implementation: Yes
Evaluation: No
Deficiencies: Not available
High school courses on science or mathematics.
Translation: Yes
6.
MARTINS, Roberto de A.
Newton's apple: history, myth and foolishness
A maçã de Newton: história, lendas e tolices.
Livraria da Fìsica 2006
ISBN 8588325578
23 p.
Portuguese
This article shows some examples about the Newton´s apple episode in textbooks, and discusses the importance of the distortions of history of science on science teaching.
graduated and High school teachers and students
Original texts: Yes (Portuguese)
Illustrations: Yes
Worksheets: No
Teaching Methods: No
Homework: No
Experiments: No
Implementation: No
Evaluation: No
Deficiencies: No comments about applications in classroom
graduate and High school courses on science, history and philosophy of science or mathematics.
Translation: Yes
Comment: this article is a chapter of the book Pp. 167-189, in: SILVA, Cibelle Celestino (ed.). Estudos de história e filosofia das ciências: subsídios para aplicação no ensino. It´s available at: <http://ghtc.ifi.unicamp.br/pdf/ram-117.pdf>
7.
MARTINS, Roberto de A.
Archimedes and the king's crown: historical problems
Arquimedes e a coroa do rei: problemas históricos
2000
Caderno Catarinense de Ensino de Física,v.17, n.2 p.115-121, ago.2000
7 p.
Portuguese
This article shows some examples about the Arquimedes Bath episode in textbooks, and discusses the importance of the distortions of history of science on science teaching.
graduated and High school teachers and students
Original texts: Yes (Portuguese)
Illustrations: No
Worksheets: No
Teaching Methods: No
Homework: No
Experiments: No
Implementation: No
Evaluation: No
Deficiencies: No comments about applications in classroom
graduate and High school courses on science, history and philosophy of science or mathematics.
Translation: Yes
Comment: available at <htp://www.periodicos.ufsc.br/index.php/fisica/article/viewFile/6769/6238>
8.
SILVA, Cibelle C. & MARTINS, Roberto de A.
Newton's theory of colours: an example of using of history of science in the classroom
A teoria das cores de Newton: um exemplo do uso da história da ciência em sala de aula.
2003
Ciência & Educação, v. 9, n. 1, p. 53-65, 2003
13 p.
Portuguese
This paper analyses some features of Newton’s theory of light and colors, especially as presented in his paper of 1672, as an example of the classroom use of History of Science. Although this theory is nowadays accepted and taught without discussion, it is not so simple as it seems and many questions arise from a critical study. Besides,
an inadequate use of History of Science in Science Teaching may convey to the students a wrong conception of the scientific method.
graduated and High school teachers and students
Original texts: Yes (Portuguese)
Illustrations: Yes
Worksheets: No
Teaching Methods: No
Homework: No
Experiments: No
Implementation: No
Evaluation: No
Deficiencies: No comments about applications in classroom
graduate and High school courses on science, history and philosophy of science or mathematics.
Translation: No, there´s an English version of this article available at: <http://www.springerlink.com/content/t498v7805885kj50/>
Comment: available at: <http://www2.fc.unesp.br/cienciaeeducacao/viewarticle.php?id=63&layout=abstract>
9.
MAGALHÃES, M. et al
A proposal for teaching the concepts of electric and magnectic fields: an application of history of physics
Uma proposta para ensinar os conceitos de campo elétrico e magnético: uma aplicação da História da Física
2002
Revista Brasileira de Ensino de Fisica, v. 24, n. 4, p. 489 - 496, (2002)
8 p.
Portuguese
In this paper, we propose an alternative way to introduce the concepts of electric and magnetic fields to High school students, which is inspired by the theory ofMeaningful Learning, by Ausubel and Novak. The History of Physics discloses the elements that give meaning to a concept, in so far as it presents the problems that led to the formulation of the concept. Therefore we believe that it can be brought into the process of meaningful teaching and learning, performing a fundamental role in the assimilation of new concepts to the cognitive structure. The results of the application of the method in Colégio Pedro II, in Rio de Janeiro, are presented.
graduated and High school teachers and students
Original texts: No
Illustrations: Yes
Worksheets: No
Teaching Methods: Yes
Homework: No
Experiments: No
Implementation: Yes
Evaluation: Yes
Deficiencies: Not available
High school courses on physics
Translation: No
Comment: available at http://www.scielo.br/pdf/rbef/v24n4/a16v24n4.pdf
10.
DIAS, P. M. C. et al
Universal gravitation (a text for secondary level)
A gravitação universal (Um texto para o Ensino Médio)
2004
Revista Brasileira de Ensino de Física, v.26, n. 3, p. 257 – 271, (2004)
15 p.
Portuguese
In this paper, we propose an alternative way to introduce the concept of Universal Gravity to High school students. The History of Physics discloses the elements that give meaning to a concept, in so far as it presents the problems that led to the formulation of the concept. Therefore we believe that it can be brought into the process of teaching and learning, performing a fundamental role in the assimilation of new concepts to the cognitive structure; this role can be understood in the context of David Ausubel's theory of Meaningful Learning. The method is illustrated by its application to students in Col´egio de Aplicac¸.ao da Unigranrio, a private school in Rio de Janeiro.
graduated and High school teachers and students
Original texts: Yes (Portuguese)
Illustrations: Yes
Worksheets: Yes
Teaching Methods: Yes
Homework: No
Experiments: No
Implementation: Yes
Evaluation: Yes
Deficiencies: No reliable historical sources
High school courses on science, history and philosophy of science or mathematics.
Translation: No
Comment: available at:<http://www.scielo.br/pdf/rbef/v26n3/a12v26n3.pdf>
11.
CRUZ, Boniek V. da; MARTINS, André F.P.M.
Judge simulation: an application of history and philosophy of science on optics teaching
Júri simulado: um uso da história e filosofia da ciência no ensino da óptica
2009
Física na Escola, v. 10, n. 1, 2009
4 p.
Portuguese
This paper describes a teaching strategy held at the average level of education and based on history and philosophy of science, which aimed to make it more attractive and important the teaching of physics and in particular the teaching of optics: the simulated jury. It consists on discussions in science classroom about the history of optics and the nature of light. The work was developed in High school in public school in the state of Rio Grande do Norte, Brasil.
undergraduate students and graduated and High school teachers
Original texts: No
Illustrations: No
Worksheets: No
Teaching Methods: No
Homework: No
Experiments: No
Implementation: No
Evaluation: No
Deficiencies: Not available
graduate and High school courses on science, history and philosophy of science or mathematics.
Translation: Yes
Comment: available at: <http://www.sbfisica.org.br/fne/Vol10/Num1/a03.pdf>
12.
Quintal, João R.; Moraes, Andréia G. de
History of science on teaching-learning process
A história da ciência no processo ensino-aprendizagem
2009
Física na Escola, v. 10, n. 1, 2009
5 p.
Portuguese
The article describes a study about the relevance of the implementation of the history of science, as an agent in influencing the teaching-learning content of electromagnetism in High school. The course is about the history of eletromagnetism from classical antiquity to tin the mid-nineteenth century. Its development was guided by the Parametros Curriculares Nacionais (PCN) for the physical education and presented the history of science in context, using a methodology developed, combining experiments with the theory. Accordingly, the electromagnetism is discussed from the construction by students of historical experiments as versorium of Gilbert, a bottle of Leyden, the pile of Volta, the experiments of oersted of Ampère and the induction of Faraday. The aim of this study was to raise questions about the development of electromagnetism and motivate students about the scientific issues addressed in the classroom. Throughout the project, the results of research on the integration of history of science are reported and evaluated through a quantitative and qualitative approach, assessing the its impact on students.
undergraduate students and graduated and High school teachers
Original texts: No
Illustrations: No
Worksheets: No
Teaching Methods: Yes
Homework: No
Experiments: Yes
Implementation: Yes
Evaluation: Yes
Deficiencies: Not available
graduate and High school courses on physics
Translation: No
Comment: available at: <http://www.scielo.br/pdf/rbef/v29n1/a19v29n1.pdf>
13.
MOREIRA, Marco A.; MASSONI, Neusa T.; OSTERMANN, Fernanda
History and epistemology of Physics in the preparation of physics teachers: a course that attempts to change students’ conceptions on the nature of science
História e epistemologia da física na licenciatura em física: uma disciplina que busca mudar concepções dos alunos sobre a natureza da ciência
2007
Revista Brasileira de Ensino de Física, v. 29, n. 1, p. 127-134, (2007)
6 p.
Portuguese
In this paper we describe how a course on history and epistemology of physics was implemented in the curriculum of physics teachers preparation and we present a quantitative analysis of changes that happened in students’ conceptions regarding the nature of science. This paper is the third one of series of four papers that describe with details the experience we had in the implementation of this course. The other papers are of qualitative nature.
undergraduate students and graduated and High school teachers
Original texts: No
Illustrations: Yes
Worksheets: Yes
Teaching Methods: Yes
Homework: No
Experiments: No
Implementation: Yes
Evaluation: Yes
Deficiencies: Not available
graduate and High school courses on science, history and philosophy of science or mathematics.
Translation: No
Comment: available at: <http://www.scielo.br/pdf/rbef/v29n1/a19v29n1.pdf>
14.
MOURA, José F.
The concept of "field" in classroom: an historic-conceptual approach
O conceito de “campo” em sala de aula - uma abordagem histórico-conceitual
2009
Revista Brasileira de Ensino de Física, v. 31, n. 1, p. 1604 - 1621 (2009)
17 p.
Portuguese
The concept of a field can motivate a rich class-forum about the basic notions of physics. Despite its importance, only mathematical-conceptual aspects are emphasized in the classroom, leaving out historica-conceptualaspects. We believe that only the mathematical-conceptual presentation of this concept underestimates all its strength. We show in this paper how this physics concept can be introduced from two different but converging ways, First, we consider the notion of the field as something responsible for the mediation of interaction between bodies and then we treat it as a mathematical function of the coordinates and time. Next, we show that, in a complex process,these two conceptions have been merged towards the concept of field as we understand it nowadays.
undergraduate students and graduated and High school teachers
Original texts: Yes (Portuguese)
Illustrations: Yes
Worksheets: No
Teaching Methods: No
Homework: No
Experiments: No
Implementation: No
Evaluation: No
Deficiencies: No comments about applications in classroom
graduate courses on science, history and philosophy of science or mathematics.
Translation: No
Comment: available at: <http://www.scielo.br/pdf/rbef/v31n1/v31n1a13.pdf>
15.
TAKIMOTO, Elika
History of physics in classroom
História da física na sala de aula
Livraria da Física 2009
ISBN 9788578610128
151 p.
Portuguese
The book is a novel about a physics teacher and her students. During a physical class about the three laws of Newton, the teacher tells the students about the scientific revolution occurred in the seventeenth century, asking them see science as result of the creative capacity of human beings. The book tells the history of physics from ancient Greece to Newton.
graduated and High school teachers and students
Original texts: No
Illustrations: No
Worksheets: No
Teaching Methods: No
Homework: No
Experiments: No
Implementation: No
Evaluation: No
Deficiencies: Not reliable historical sources
High school physics courses
Translation: No
Comment: available at: <http://www.livrariadafisica.com.br/detalhe_produto.aspx?id=32381>
16.
HÜLSENDEGER, Margarete
An analysis of students´conceptions about falling bodies
Uma análise das concepções dos alunos Sobre a queda dos corpos
2009
Caderno Brasileiro de Ensino de Física, v. 21, n. 3: p. 377-391, dez 2004
14 p.
Portuguese
In this paper I present a recurrent subject in mechanics, not ever easily comprehensible: the falling body. I intend to make a parallel between possible representations assumed by High school students about falling bodies and Aristotle s idea about the same subject. I also search for an alternative to influence on these conceptions, presenting Galileo s experiments the empirical as much as the thinking ones and the way they refute Aristotle s ideas. Practical activities were developed, using easily manipulated materials, as well as texts extracted from Galile s book, Dialogues Concerning the Two Chief Systems of the World , founded on Alexander Koyre s Studies of scientific thinking history .
graduated and High school teachers and students
Original texts: Yes (Portuguese)
Illustrations: No
Worksheets: No
Teaching Methods: Yes
Homework: No
Experiments: Yes
Implementation: Yes
Evaluation: Yes
Deficiencies: Not available
High school courses on science, history and philosophy of science or mathematics.
Translation: No
Comment: available at: <www.periodicos.ufsc.br/index.php/fisica/article/.../6425/5941>
17.
SILVEIRA, Fernando L. da; PEDUZZI, L.O.Q.
Three scientific discovery episodes: from the empirical caricature to another story
Três episódios de descoberta científica: da caricatura empirista a uma outra história
2006
Caderno Brasileiro de Ensino de Física, v. 23, n. 1: p. 26-52, abr. 2006.
27 p.
Portuguese
The hole of experimentation in the genesis of knowledge concerning three episodes of the scientific discovery is examined: Galileu s physics, special theory of relativity and Bohr s atomic model. The insufficiency of the empiricist epistemology in the approach of these contents is showed by doing a contrast between the empiricist history and another history much richer, dynamic and complex. In didactic terms , the contemporary philosophy of science opens new and still not explored roads for a better understanding of Science and the processes of construction of the scientific knowledge.
graduated and High school teachers and students
Original texts: Yes (Portuguese)
Illustrations: No
Worksheets: No
Teaching Methods: No
Homework: No
Experiments: No
Implementation: No
Evaluation: No
Deficiencies: No comments about applications in classroom
graduate and High school courses on science, history and philosophy of science or mathematics.
Translation: Yes
Comment: available at: <http://www.if.ufrgs.br/~lang/3_episodios_Hist_Fisica_CBEF.pdf>
18.
REIS, José C. ; GUERRA, Andreia ; BRAGA, Marco .
An historic-philosophical approach for electromagnetism on middle education
Uma abordagem histórico-filosófica para o eletromagnetismo no ensino médio.
2004
Caderno Brasileiro de Ensino de Física, v. 21, n. 1: p. 224-248, aug. 2004.
25 p.
Portuguese
The authors discuss the relation of science education and history of science, from a historical-philosophical curriculum, that they constructed. The theme of this work is the electromagnetism. To analyze the curriculum, the authors do a historical-philosophical study for the being of the electromagnetism. Then they describe the details of the proposition, discussing in this part an application of the curriculum in a High school in Rio de Janeiro.
undergraduate students and graduated and High school teachers
Original texts: Yes (Portuguese)
Illustrations: No
Worksheets: No
Teaching Methods: Yes
Homework: No
Experiments: No
Implementation: Yes
Evaluation: No
Deficiencies: Not available
High school physics courses
Translation: Yes
Comment: available at: <http://www.periodicos.ufsc.br/index.php/fisica/article/view/6433/5949>
19.
GUERRA, Andreia ; REIS, José C. ; BRAGA, M.
A judgement on middle education - a strategy for working science on an historic-philosophical approach
Um Julgamento no Ensino Médio - Uma estratégia para Trabalhar a Ciência sob Enfoque Histórico-filosófico.
2002
Física na Escola, v. 3, n. 1, 2002
4 p.
Portuguese
This article presents an activity performed from 1997 to 2002 Rio de Janeiro schools, which had the purpose to introduce history and philosophy of science in physics courses.
undergraduate students and graduated and High school teachers
Original texts: Yes (Portuguese)
Illustrations: No
Worksheets: Yes
Teaching Methods: Yes
Homework: Yes
Experiments: No
Implementation: Yes
Evaluation: Yes
Deficiencies: Not available
High school physics courses
Translation: Yes
Comment: available at: <http://www.sbfisica.org.br/fne/Vol3/Num1/a04.pdf>
20.
REIS, José C. ; GUERRA, Andreia ; BRAGA, Marco ; FREITAS, Jairo .
History, science and culture: Curricular experiences in Brazil
História, ciência e cultura: experiências curriculares no Brasil
2001
Science & Education, v.10, n.4: p.369-378, July 2001
10 p.
English
This article presents some didactic material and educational experiences which have been eveloped by the Teknê Group in Brazil.The work is part of a major project which aims atimproving teaching of science. Science is presented ina broader context of culture, where the theories areno discovered but built by historic men based on theinterpretation of facts. The first part of thisarticle shows some of the principles which informTeknê Group's work, followed by a description ofmaterial and experiences which are used in Brazilian schools.
undergraduate students and graduated and High school teachers
Original texts: Yes (Portuguese)
Illustrations: No
Worksheets: No
Teaching Methods: No
Homework: No
Experiments: No
Implementation: No
Evaluation: No
Deficiencies: No comments about applications in classroom
graduate and High school courses on science, history and philosophy of science or mathematics.
Translation: It´s already available in English
Comment: available at: <http://www.springerlink.com/content/q257254461q02822/fulltext.pdf>
21.
CASTRO, Ruth S.
History and epistemology of Science: inquiring its contributions on a Physics course on secondary level
História e epistemologia da ciência: investigando suas contribuições num curso de física de segundo grau.
1993
Caderno Catarinense de Ensino de Física, Florianópolis, v.9,n.3: p.225-237, dez.1992
13 p.
Portuguese
The idea that the historical approach can be useful and fruitful to courses in physics finds support among the various conceptions of education. In this article we analyze the relevance, importance and effects of use this approach in the training of teachers of science and learning of scientific content. The work includes an example of the use of the history of science in course about heat and temperature.
High school teachers
Original texts: No
Illustrations: No
Worksheets: No
Teaching Methods: No
Homework: No
Experiments: No
Implementation: No
Evaluation: No
Deficiencies: It´s a theoretical discussion about history of science in education. The discussion about the application of the course in classroom is very short.
Teacher training courses
Translation: No
Comment: available at <http://www.periodicos.ufsc.br/index.php/fisica/article/viewFile/7394/6787>
22.
BARBOSA-LIMA, M. C.; QUEIROZ, G.; SANTIAGO, R.
Science and art: Vermeer, Huygens and Leeuwenhoek
Ciência e arte: Vermeer, Huygens e Leeuwenhoek
2007
Física na Escola, v. 8, n. 2, 2007
4 p.
Portuguese
O presente artigo relata uma experiência educacional, realizada na perspectiva da Pedagogia por Projetos, com ênfase na questão da inovação do ensino universitário na formação de professores de Física. Nela considera-se necessário vincular a aprendizagem à construção e desenvolvimento de projetos de ação para que os futuros professores aprendam fazendo e desse modo construam a autonomia e a reflexão permanente características de um novo perfil profissional. Relacionando ciência e arte, nossa inspiração veio do filme A moça com Brinco de Pérola, que conta uma história romanceada da vida do pintor holandês Johannes Vermeer (1632-1675). No século XVII, século de ouro dos Países Baixos, os trabalhos do pintor Vermeer, do astrônomo, físico e matemático, Christiaan Huygens e do microscopista Von Leeuwenhoek se entrelaçam através de seus estudos sobre a luz.
Os trabalhos desses homens, contextualizados historicamente, nos levaram à construção de uma exposição itinerante apoiada em réplicas e leitoras de quadros do pintor e na disponibilidade de instrumentos ópticos de baixo custo, incluindo uma câmara escura semelhante àquela utilizada por Kepler.
High school teachers
Original texts: Yes (Portuguese)
Illustrations: Yes
Worksheets: No
Teaching Methods: No
Homework: No
Experiments: No
Implementation: Yes
Evaluation: Yes
Deficiencies: Not available
High school physics courses
23.
CICILLINI, Graça A.
Evolution as a methodologic component for Biology teaching on 2nd grade- Analysis of Evolution's conception on textbooks
A evolução enquanto um componente metodológico para o ensino de Biologia no 2° grau – Análise da concepção de Evolução em livros didáticos
UNICAMP 1991
246 p.
Portuguese
Analysis of Thoery of Evolution in Biology textbooks. The theory of evolution, considered as one of the officers of biological knowledge, in itself bring embedded features that can be exploited in teaching 2nd grade, such as historical and temporal dimension.
undergraduate students and graduated and High school teachers
Original texts: Yes (Portuguese)
Illustrations: No
Worksheets: No
Teaching Methods: Yes
Homework: No
Experiments: Yes
Implementation: Yes
Evaluation: Yes
Deficiencies: Not available
High school courses on science or mathematics.
Available at <http://libdigi.unicamp.br/document/?code=vtls000028780>
24.
BRAGA, M.; GUERRA, Andreia ; REIS, José C. ;
Brief History of Modern Science - Collection with 4 volumes
Coleção Breve história da Ciência Moderna - 4 volumes
2003 first volume
JORGE ZAHAR EDITOR
ISBN 8571107351 - First volume
about 150 p. each volume
Portuguese
This collection, composed of four books (and two others in preparing), is about of history of science and its relations with culture, art and society. Each book is about an specific age of history.
undergraduate students and graduated and High school teachers
Original texts: Yes (Portuguese)
Illustrations: Yes
Worksheets: No
Teaching Methods: No
Homework: No
Experiments: No
Implementation: No
Evaluation: No
Deficiencies: Not available
Teacher training courses and High school courses on science
25.
BRAGA, M.; FREITAS, J.; GUERRA, Andreia ; REIS, José C. ;
Science in time - collection with 7 volumes
Coleção Ciência no tempo - 7 volumes
1998 first volume
JORGE ZAHAR EDITOR
ISBN 8570568592 - First volume
about 60 p. each volume
Portuguese
Each book of this collection describes an specific issue of history of science based in some important personage, Like Galileu, Newton, Faraday, Darwin and others. It's not a biography of each personage, but a discussion about development of science and its relations whit culture, art and society.
graduated and High school teachers and students
Original texts: Yes (Portuguese)
Illustrations: Yes
Worksheets: Yes
Teaching Methods: Yes
Homework: Yes
Experiments: Yes
Implementation: No
Evaluation: No
Deficiencies: Not available
High school courses on science
26.
GLEISER, M. (ORG.)
Immortals of Science - Collection whit 18 volumes
Coleção Imortais da Ciência - 18 volumoes
2005 - first edition
JORGE ZAHAR EDITOR
ISBN 8588023377 - volume about Faraday and Maxwell
about 200 p. each volume
Portuguese
A coleção Imortais da Ciência tornou possível a compreensão das origens e do desenvolvimento do conhecimento científico, por meio de bem sucedidas narrativas, cuja atratividade está em fazer o leitor "viajar" no tempo, para ver e interpretar - com os olhos e mentes desses personagens históricos - o que foi visto e interpretado por eles. Indicado para os jovens e o público em geral a Imortais da Ciência é uma excelente ferramenta no trabalho dos educadores.
graduated and High school teachers and students
Original texts: No
Illustrations: Yes
Worksheets: No
Teaching Methods: No
Homework: No
Experiments: No
Implementation: No
Evaluation: No
Deficiencies: No reliable historical sources
High school courses on science
27.
PIETROCOLA, M. (ORG.)
Teaching physics: content, methodology and epistemology into an integrator conception
Ensino de Física: conteúdo, metodologia e epistemologia numa concepção integradora.
UFSC 2005
ISBN 8532802117
236 p.
Portuguese
Today we know much about the school universe, but still not as transform it into improving education. This paper discusses the teaching of physics in a interdisciplinary way, including articles about history and philosophy of science.
undergraduate students and graduated and High school teachers
Original texts: Yes (Portuguese)
Illustrations: No
Worksheets: No
Teaching Methods: Yes
Homework: No
Experiments: No
Implementation: No
Evaluation: No
Deficiencies: No comments about applications in classroom
High school courses on science
UK
1.
Del Re G
Models and Analogies in Chemistry
International Journal for Philosophy of Chemistry Special Edition: background material on the role of models in chemistry.
2000
University of Karlsruhe
ISSN 1433 5158
11 p.
English
Undergraduate
2.
Oversby JP
Models in explanations of chemistry: the case of acidity
2000
Kluwer, Dordrecht, Holland
25 p.
English
in Developing models in science education (eds Boulter CJ and Gilbert JK): History of models of acidity. The author develops historical progression of concepts of acidity, beginning with the Middle Ages and relates them to school chemistry.
Postgraduate
3.
Oversby JP
Is it a weak acid or a weakly acidic solution?
2000
School Science Review 89-91
3 p.
English
Discussion of pH in lower secondary and upper secondary schools and the models they are built on. The author characterises pH in lower secondary school as an ordinate scale, aimed at establishing an order of acidity of solutions. He identifies the notion of weakness as applying to a solution. In upper secondary (16-18) he characterises acidity as relating to the acid and its extent of dissociation. He also notes the paradigm shift of adopting a quantitative definition based on a mathematical function.
For teachers
4.
Chang H
Inventing temperature
2004
Oxford University Press
195337387
3 p.
English
Story of temperature scales and conceptions: material as background for teachers. A summary is given on the web site: www.ukhipstinstruments.wikispaces.com
For teachers
5.
Wiser M
The differentiation of heat and temperature
1986
Educational Technology Center, MA
173 p.
English
Wiser skirts round the issue by focusing on the ways that her students grappled with these two concepts and nowhere gave a clear idea of the meanings of the two concepts, except in the sense of focusing on the difference in being extensive and intensive respectively. Wiser found that her learners could carry out calculations better after using a computer but did not have a better conceptual system. A facsimile of the original paper is at this site. many of the original questions and illustrations are given in this paper available as a facsimile on the ERIC site. A link is at www.ukhipstinstruments.wikispaces.com
6.
Tritsch MF
Temperature Sensation: The "3-Bowls Experiment" revisited
1990
Naturwissenschaften 77, 288-289
2 p.
English
The Weber 3 bowls experiment is a classic experiment carried out in schools. This paper describes a development of the experiment to put the information on a more quantitative basis. It is included as a link at www.ukhipstinstruments.wikispaces.com
For researchers
7.
History of heat
http://en.wikipedia.org/wiki/History_of_heat
1 p.
English
Wiki article on the history of heat from the Middle Ages and before to the 20th Century. As with Wiki articles, the material should be treated with caution, although the history of its production (available in a drop-down menu) indicates some of the controversies in its productions. The set of references includes a direct link to sections of Lord Kelvin's (William Thompson's) paper on the Dynamical theory of Heat where he advocates a theory of heat as motion, adopting the paradigm change of changing from a substance (caloric). This has been included in the teachers section, although a re-write in intermediate language could constitute part of the trials.
For a general audience
8.
Zambrano AC
A curricular sequence based on a historical study of conceptual change in science
2005
ICHST proceedings
30 p.
English
The article describes a curriculum account to distinguish between temperature and heat, together with the pedagogical and epistemological rationales, and activity description, including questions asked. The illustrations from the cards are given in an appendix.
For teachers
9.
The PhysicsFront.org
Heat and temperature
2005
ThePhysicsFront.org
at http://www.compadre.org/precollege/static/unit.cfm?sb=7&Course=3
English
For teachers
10.
The PhysicsFront.org
Heating Matter
2005
ThePhysicsFront.org
at http://www.compadre.org/Repository/document/ServeFile.cfm?ID=2502&DocID=20
English
This set of workshop materials is aimed at (USA) primary school teachers and comes with associated worksheets. The worksheets have teacher guidance, clear instructions and illustrations for experiments.
For primary teachers
11.
Chemical Heritage Foundation
Gay-Lussac's temperature and volume change in a gas
Chemical Heritage Foundation
at http://www.chemheritage.org/classroom/chemach/gases/gases_student.pdf
3 p.
English
This set of worksheets is aimed at upper secondary students and linked directly to the CHF biographies and papers on its own web site. The worksheet is for an experiment but is in text recipe form only with no worksheets. It is highly prescriptive and mathematical.
For teachers
12.
CSIRO, Australia
Home made thermometers
CSIRO, Australia
at http://www.csiro.au/resources/thermometer-activity.html
1 p.
English
A simple set of instructions to make a thermometer with a flask and a tube. One picture to show the apparatus.
For teachers
13.
Michal Drechsler
Models in chemistry education: a study of teaching and learning acids and bases in Swedish secondary schools.
2007
Karlstad University, Sweden
at http://kau.diva-portal.org/smash/record.jsf?pid=diva2:6511
13 p.
English
Drechsler studied acids and bases for his PhD, and the papers that make up his PhD are given at this site. This is a set of theoretical papers arising from practical activity, but focuses on models.
For researchers
14.
Dr Hell
History of acids and bases
2002
BBC
at http://www.bbc.co.uk/dna/h2g2/A708257
1 p.
English
An article on the history of acids and bases written in intermediate language (accessible for school children). Useful as a guide to language level for re-writing higher level texts.
For secondary school
15.
BBC Skillswise
Temperature' tutor notes
at http://www.bbc.co.uk/skillswise/numbers/measuring/temperature/tutor.shtml
1 p.
English
Notes on measuring temperature in different units. Not related to the history.
Upper secondary school
16.
Wikipedia
Timeline of scientific experiments
Wikipedia
at http://en.wikipedia.org/wiki/Timeline_of_scientific_experiments
1 p.
English
In chronological order, a timeline of scientific experiments. It is almost entirely focused on phyics and biology experiments, with very little on chemistry
For a general audience
17.
Susan Bolich
The history of salicylic acid
eHow
at http://www.ehow.co.uk/about_5121425_history-salicylic-acid.html
1 p.
English
A brief history of the discovery and extraction of salicylic acid, and its use as an analgesic
For a general audience
USA/University
Cavicchi, Elizabeth (1997), “Experimenting with magnetism: Ways of learning of Joann and Faraday”, American Journal of Physics 65 (9): 867-882.
Cavicchi, Elizabeth (2001), “Playing with light”, Educational Action Research 9 (1): 25-49.
Cavicchi, Elizabeth (2003), “Experiences with the magnetism of conducting loops: historical instruments, experimental replications, and productive confusions”, American Journal of Physics 71 (2): 156-167.
Cavicchi, Elizabeth (2006), “Faraday and Piaget: Experimenting in Relation with the World”, Perspectives on Science 14 (1): 66-96.
The author describes her approach (and the experiences with it) to confront science students with historical experimental setups (using modern materials, but the historical constellation), and to try to learn something from them while leaving all modern knowledge and theories as far away as possible.
She uses historical source material, mostly from Faraday’s experiments on electricity and magnetism, partly also from later 19th work on induction coils.
Language: English
Original texts and illustrations
Experiments
University level, maybe suitable for upper secondary school

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